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22 / Sep / 2020

Modification of a commercial polyurethane-based paint for obtaining a multifunctional coating


Modification of a commercial polyurethane-based paint for obtaining a multifunctional coating


Researchers from FIDAMC and the Group of Surface Science and Nanostructures of the University Complutense of Madrid have published a scientific paper in which they present the modification of a commercial polyurethane-based paint for obtaining a multifunctional coating. This time, it is a two-step modification to achieve a heterogeneous coating with icephobic behaviour, it allows decreasing the ice adhesion up to 80%. The results, published in the journal Materials Today Communications, have also led to a patent that has been recently approved (publication no. ES2734583).

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2352492820326271

 

ABSTRACT

In the present study, a coating with icephobic properties has been developed based on an easy two-step fabrication process. The coating is free from fluorides and nanoparticles. The procedure is easy, adequate for large scale applications and uses environmentally friendly low-cost raw materials. It has been applied on carbon fiber/epoxy resin composite panels, but it could be extended to other kind of surfaces. The structure of the coating has been prepared by the modification with PDMS of a commercial polyurethane paint as a first step. The second step involves the preparation of a hybrid sol-gel that is deposited on the polyurethane paint modified with PDMS forming a heterogeneous film of isolated solid droplets. The results show a reduction of the adhesion force of the ice up to 80%. Properties like roughness, water contact angle and ice adhesion tests have been measured for more than 100 shear-off/freezing ice cycles. The evolution of the surface during the cycles has been monitored and it shows a modification process reported in the manuscript. This icephobic coating is a promising candidate to protect surfaces in different industrial sectors where other systems against ice accumulation cannot be easily employed.



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